The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal Act, 2013 was enacted to provide protection to women against sexual harassment at the workplace.
The Act defines sexual harassment as any unwelcome physical, verbal or non-verbal conduct of sexual nature.
The Act applies to all women, irrespective of their age or employment status, and covers both the organized and unorganized sectors.
The Act mandates the establishment of Internal Complaints Committees (ICCs) in every workplace with 10 or more employees.
The ICCs are responsible for receiving and redressing complaints of sexual harassment at the workplace.
The Act also provides for the appointment of Local Complaints Committees (LCCs) at the district level to receive complaints from workplaces with less than 10 employees or where the ICC has failed to redress the complaint.
The Act requires employers to provide a safe working environment for women and to display the provisions of the Act prominently at the workplace.
The Act also prohibits retaliation against the complainant and provides for penalties for false or malicious complaints.
The Act requires employers to provide annual reports to the government on the number of complaints received and redressed.
The Act has been instrumental in creating awareness about sexual harassment at the workplace and has led to an increase in the number of complaints being filed.